The extent to which individuals are exposed to various forms of gambling within a community will dictate the proportion of the population at risk of, and manifesting, gambling-related harms. Exposure is dependent upon a number of factors that include the geographic distribution and density of gambling outlets, the physical characteristics of venues (including attractiveness, safety and social acceptability of venue surroundings), the types of gambling products offered at venues, and the kinds of ancillary recreational facilities co-located with gambling venues.
The environment in which an individual lives can have an impact on the nature and frequency of gambling activity, which also impacts the degree of resulting gambling-related harm. To date there has not been sustained research attention to links among factors related to the gambling environment and levels of harmful gambling. This arises, at least in part, from the fact that government and industry resources dedicated to reducing harm from gambling have largely been focused at the individual level rather than at the community or societal level.
Abbott, Max; Binde, Per; Clark, Luke; Hodgins, David; Korn, David; Pereira, Alexius; Quilty, Lena; Thomas, Anna; Volberg, Rachel; Walker, Douglas; Williams, Robert. (2015). Conceptual Framework of Harmful Gambling: An International Collaboration Revised Edition. Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO), Guelph, Ontario, Canada